Connecting verbs: definition and examples (2023)

Connecting verbs are verbs that do not show an action but describe the subject. While verbs likeandorhoprepresent an action and connect verbs likePerhapsorto appearAdd more subject details like "he seems nice" or "she's an architect".

Formally known as copulas or copulas, connecting verbs are an important part of any language, particularly English where the most common verb,Perhaps, is a linking verb. In this guide, we explain the basics of linking verbs, show you how to use them, and provide examples of linking verbs. But first, let's take a closer look at the question: what are connecting verbs?

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What is a linking verb?

in contrast to othersverbs, connecting verbs show no action - or, more accurately, the only action they show is merely being present. Linking verbs simply explain the state of the subject, e.g. B. what it is or what it looks like.

(Video) English Grammar: Linking Verbs (Copula)

  • EUbin13 years.
  • Shelookssad today.
  • This placevisuallike a mess!

This distinguishes connecting verbs from other types of verbs, such asbitransitive verbs,compound verbs, orimpersonal verbs, all of which describe specific actions. In fact, you can divide all verbs into two groups,action verbsEverb binding. However, sometimes a verb can be both, depending on how it's used.

Linking verbs define the subject or add more detail to it. That meanssensory verbsAsto appear,see and feel,Odor,klang, orKnows wellcan act as connecting verbs when describing the subject.

  • To have lunchsmellsburned.
  • the cat's fursensesilky.

while the verbsPerhaps,become, Eto appearare always connecting verbs, some other verbs have one or two specific contexts in which they function as connecting verbs. (We explain below how to tell the difference.)

How do you use connecting verbs?

Each sentence consists of two parts: a subject and apredicate. The subject is aSubstantivewhich performs the action of the verb and is usually placed at the beginning of a sentence. With normal verbs, the predicate describes the subject's action, as in this example:

  • Tamara entered Den Laden.

Here,tamarais the subject, the person performing the action, andwent to the storeis the predicate. The verbhe was, the past tense ofirregular verb and, is an action verb when used as such. Oprepositional phrase for businessit is also part of the predicate because it explains where the action took place.

However, connecting verbs have special predicates that are invokedtopic addeddo itnoDescribe the action, but describe the subject. In particular, there are two types of subject complements, or two types of predicates, for connecting verbs:

1nominative predicate(predicate nouns): when the words describing the subject are nouns or noun phrases.

  • In college she became aathleteit is ascholars.

2 predicateAdjective:if the words that describe the subject areadjectivesorthe adjective phrase.

(Video) VERBS | Definition, Types & Examples | Parts of speech

  • I wasawakebut stillas I amwhen the sun rose

Remember that subject complements can also include phrases as part of predicate nominatives or predicate adjectives. Let's look at an example. . .

  • You were hungry after a long workout.

In this sentence is the linking verbguerra, the plural past tense ofPerhaps. The subject complement is a predicate adjective centered on the adjectivehungry. the prepositional clauseafter a long workoutexplains why and when they were hungry, so it's also part of the predicate adjective.

Rules for connecting verbs

1Do not use adverbs as subject complements.

adverbsDescribe verbs the same way adjectives describe nouns. But subject complements describe the subject, which is a noun, so we use adjectives instead of adverbs.

the hall isfast.

the hall isfast.

(Video) Linking Verbs: What are they? // Easy explanation with examples

However, adverbs are good if they describe the connecting verb and not the subject.

  • ANDgraduallybecome more friendly and compassionate.
  • Sheracesseems shy.

2In subject-verb agreement, connecting verbs agree with the subject.

When it's aboutsubject verb agreement, the connecting verb still matches the subject. This also applies when the subject is singular and the nominative predicate is plural, or vice versa.

  • the strangest animalANDgiraffes.
  • giraffesThey arethe strangest animal.

If the sentence still sounds weird, even if it's grammatically correct, you can always rephrase it.

  • The strangest animal is the giraffe.

How do you recognize connecting verbs?

In addition to the three main connecting verbs, which areAlwayslinking verbs (Perhaps,become, Eto appear), some verbs can be connecting verbs or action verbs. The difference depends on how they are used. This is especially true for sensory verbs, which can be both.

A verb is a connecting verb when used to describe the subject. Linking verbs always have a subject complement after them (except in rare cases like "I think, therefore I am"), so look for a subject complement to determine whether the sentence uses a linking verb.

  • lizvisualgreat today.

here is the verbveris a connecting verb because it describes Liz's appearance. You can also identify it as a connecting verb by the subject's complementgreat today, which explains Liz's appearance.

  • lizvisualthrough the microscope.

here is the verbveris an action verb, not a linking verb. It describes the action Liz is taking, not Liz herself. The phrasethrough the microscopeit also refers to the action and describes where she was looking.

(Video) Verbs | Linking Verbs | Linking Verb - Definition, Examples and Rules of Usage | English Grammar

Some common action verbs have one or two special meanings when they function as connecting verbs. Often these verbs appear with certain other words to signal that they are being used as connecting verbs. You'll become familiar with these words as your grammar skills improve, but here's a short list of the most confusing connecting verbs to get you started.

Andis a connecting verb when it meansbecome.

  • The dogorwild if she stays indoors too long.
  • to fruithe wasbad because it was old.

Fallenis a connecting verb when referring to or used with the word diseaseyet.

  • I fear herThey fellsick.
  • suddenly the roomit fellyet.

To testis a connective verb with its meaning "to show a certain quality", but it is an action verb with its more common meaning "to demonstrate with evidence".

  • [Conjunctive verb] To theoryproventrue after the experiment.
  • [action verb] The processprovenyour innocence.

Leiit is a connecting verb when dealing with a person's behavior or appearance, but an action verb when dealing with dramatic acting such as in movies or plays.

  • [linking verb] why youLeisuspicious if I mention it?
  • [action verb] Heatosat the weekend in the local theater group.

For,grow, get, Eturnare connecting verbs when used to indicate a change.

  • my belthe cameloose, so I drilled a new hole.
  • ANDgrowthtired of the mind games.
  • Usto receiveBored waiting for the post-credits scenes.
  • His hairturnedgray, but he is no wiser.

StayEstayare connecting verbs when used in the sense of "go on", but are action verbs when describing not moving.

  • [linking verb] youit was leftangry the whole car ride.
  • [action verb] youit was leftin the auditorium after everyone left.

To holdit is also a connective verb when it means "keep it up", but it is an action verb in its more common meaning of possession or ownership

(Video) Verbs Definitions Functions Examples (What is a Verb ?)

  • [linking verb]To holdcalm down and move on.
  • [action verb] youholdsa glass of water next to the bed.

List of Linking Verbs: Common Examples of Linking Verbs

permanent linking verbs

  • Perhaps
  • become
  • to appear

Sensory connection verbs

  • to appear
  • to feel
  • ver
  • Odor
  • klang
  • Knows well

conditional connecting verbs

  • Lei
  • the image
  • for
  • until
  • fallen
  • to receive
  • and
  • to grow
  • to hold
  • to test
  • stay
  • stay
  • turn

Frequently asked questions about the linking verb

What are connecting verbs?

Connecting verbs are verbs that describe the subject and not the action like other verbs. With linking verbs likePerhaps,become, orto appear, the action is merely present in the sentence.

How do you use connecting verbs?

Connecting verbs use subject complements that provide details about the subject of the sentence. Subject complements can be adjectives (predicate adjectives) or nouns (predicate nominatives).

How do you recognize connecting verbs?

The quickest way to identify connecting verbs is to look up the subject's complement, but this can be confusing. If you're having trouble, try to figure out whether the verb describes an action (action verb) or the state of the subject (connecting verb).Connecting verbs: definition and examples (1)

FAQs

What are examples of connecting verbs? ›

Examples of linking verbs include: to be, to become, and to seem. These three examples are always linking verbs. In addition, you have a linking verb: to appear, to feel, to look, to smell, to sound, and to taste.

What is verb definition and examples? ›

A verb is a word that indicates a physical action (e.g., “drive”), a mental action (e.g., “think”), or a state of being (e.g., “exist”). Every sentence contains a verb. Verbs are almost always used along with a noun or pronoun to describe what the noun or pronoun is doing.

What are 5 examples for linking verbs and action verbs? ›

All of the sense verbs; look, smell, touch, appear, sound, taste, and feel can be linking verbs. Other examples of verbs that can be linking verbs and action verbs include turn, remain, prove, and grow.

What are 5 examples of connecting words? ›

additionally; also; moreover; furthermore; again; further; then; besides; too; similarly; correspondingly; indeed; regarding.

What is a connection verb? ›

connect. (intransitive, of an object) To join (to another object): to attach, or to be intended to attach or capable of attaching, to another object.

What are the 12 most common linking verbs? ›

There are 12 popular linking verbs (is, seems, be, am, becomes, been, are, feels, being, was, appears, were). But, you can transform some of them into other forms, such ashelping verbs.

What are verbs give 20 examples? ›

Examples: swim, realize, Run, Walk, laugh, have, promise, invite, listen, running, winning, being, etc.

What are 8 verb examples? ›

They do not appear as gerunds, infinitives, or participles. The standard modal verbs in English are: can, could, will, would, may, might, must, ought to, and should.

What are the 3 types of verbs examples? ›

There are three types of verbs: action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs. Action verbs are words that express action (give, eat, walk, etc.) or possession (have, own, etc.). Action verbs can be either transitive or intransitive.

What is an example of verb in a sentence? ›

A verb is a word that describes what the subject of a sentence is doing. Verbs can indicate (physical or mental) actions, occurrences, and states of being. Examples: Verbs in a sentence Jeffrey builds a house. Anita is thinking about horses.

What is a linking verb in each sentence? ›

A linking verb is a verb “that serves as a connecting link or establishes an identity between subject and complement.” For example, the sentence The blanket is green uses the linking verb is to link the subject the blanket with the adjective green that provides information about the subject.

What is a linking verb in a sentence? ›

A linking verb connects the subject of a sentence to an adjective, noun, or pronoun that completes the meaning of the verb. Common linking verbs are the forms of the verb to be; verbs relating to the five senses; and the verbs become, appear, and seem.

How do you identify a linking verb? ›

How do you recognize a linking verb?
  1. You can replace the verb with is or are, and if the sentence still makes sense, then your verb is most likely a linking verb. ...
  2. You can replace the verb with an equals sign (=). ...
  3. The final trick is to decide whether the verb describes a state of being or an action.

What are the best connecting words? ›

and, again, and then, besides, equally important, finally, further, furthermore, nor, too, next, lastly, what's more, moreover, in addition, first (second, etc.)

What are the different types of connecting words? ›

There are three main types of linking words: conjunctions, transitions, and prepositions.
  • Conjunctions. The most important conjunctions are because, as, since, and so. “ ...
  • Transitions. The most important transitions are therefore, consequently, and as a result. ...
  • Prepositions.

How do you write connecting words? ›

Additionally, and, also, apart from this, as well (as), in addition, moreover, further, furthermore. If, in that case, provided that, unless. Correspondingly, equally, for the same reason, in a similar manner, in comparison, in the same way, on the one hand, similarly.

What connects two verbs? ›

A coordinating conjunction is a word that joins two elements of equal grammatical rank and syntactic importance. They can join two verbs, two nouns, two adjectives, two phrases, or two independent clauses. The seven coordinating conjunctions are for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so.

Which word is a connecting word? ›

Conjunctions are linking words like and, or, but, then and because. The two main types of conjunctions are coordinating (words such as and and but) and subordinating.

What are the 18 linking verbs list? ›

Match
  • be. be,being,been,am,are,is,was,were.
  • senses. look,feel,smell,taste,sound.
  • grabs. grow,remain,appear,become,seem.

What are the 23 helping verbs? ›

Helping verbs, helping verbs, there are 23! Am, is, are, was and were, being, been, and be, Have, has, had, do, does, did, will, would, shall and should. There are five more helping verbs: may, might, must, can, could!

What are the 20 most common verbs? ›

25 Most Common Verbs
  • be.
  • have.
  • do.
  • say.
  • get.
  • make.
  • go.
  • know.

What are the 7 most common linking verbs? ›

While the most common linking verbs are am, is, are, was, were, being, and been, sensory words like look and felt are also used as linking verbs.

What is the most common linking verb? ›

The most common linking verb is the verb "to be" (in all of its forms, e.g., "am," "is," "are," "was," "were," "will be," "was being," "has been"). Other common linking verbs relate to the five senses ("to look," "to feel," "to smell," "to sound," and "to taste").

What is the difference between action verb and linking verb? ›

In order to tell the difference, you have to pay attention to how each type of verb is used in a sentence—linking verbs are used for descriptions, whereas action verbs tell you what someone (or something) is doing.

What are the 100 main verbs? ›

100 Common English Verbs
  • be.
  • have.
  • do.
  • say.
  • go.
  • can.
  • get.
  • would.

What are the 4 types of verbs with examples? ›

There are four TYPES of verbs: intransitive, transitive, linking, and passive. Intransitive and transitive verbs are in the active voice, while passive verbs are in the passive voice. Intransitive verbs are verbs that express action but that do not take an object.

What are 16 examples of a verb? ›

There are sixteen verbs used in Basic English. They are: be, do, have, come, go, see, seem, give, take, keep, make, put, send, say, let, get.

Can you give me a list of verbs? ›

Physical Action Verb List:
ColorCoughComplete
CryDanceDraw
DrinkEatEnter
ExitImitateJump
LaughLiePaint
9 more rows
Mar 5, 2019

What are good connecting verbs? ›

Additionally, and, also, apart from this, as well (as), in addition, moreover, further, furthermore. If, in that case, provided that, unless. Correspondingly, equally, for the same reason, in a similar manner, in comparison, in the same way, on the one hand, similarly.

What are 5 common linking verbs? ›

While the most common linking verbs are am, is, are, was, were, being, and been, sensory words like look and felt are also used as linking verbs.

What are the 14 linking verbs? ›

Linking verbs include be, become, grow, turn, keep, remain, stay, appear, seem, look, and sound. When the complement of seem/appear is a noun, we usually include to be when it actually describes the subject, but may omit it if it's our opinion of the subject. We always use to be if the complement is a gerund.

What are connecting words? ›

Transition words and phrases (also called linking words, connecting words, or transitional words) are used to link together different ideas in your text. They help the reader to follow your arguments by expressing the relationships between different sentences or parts of a sentence.

Are verbs connecting words? ›

Many commonly used verbs are linking verbs. There are three verbs in particular that are generally used as linking verbs: the verb be and all of its forms (am, is, are, was, were, been, being)

How do I identify a linking verb? ›

How do you recognize a linking verb?
  1. You can replace the verb with is or are, and if the sentence still makes sense, then your verb is most likely a linking verb. ...
  2. You can replace the verb with an equals sign (=). ...
  3. The final trick is to decide whether the verb describes a state of being or an action.

What is the most important linking verb? ›

The most common linking verb is the verb "to be" (in all of its forms, e.g., "am," "is," "are," "was," "were," "will be," "was being," "has been"). Other common linking verbs relate to the five senses ("to look," "to feel," "to smell," "to sound," and "to taste").

What are the main types of linking verbs? ›

Aside from the three main linking verbs that are always linking verbs (be, become, and seem), some verbs can be either linking verbs or action verbs. The difference depends on how they're used.

What are main and linking verbs? ›

Main verbs – A “main” verb expresses an action, event, or state. Linking verbs – A type of verb that describes the subject of a sentence. Auxiliary verbs – Also known as “helper verbs,” these work alongside a main verb to express different tenses and grammatical moods.

Videos

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